Multiple RBL check – DNS Blacklist Entries

In case you are a system administrator and you are running your own mail or a web server, it would be good to know in time whether the IP address of your server has been blacklisted in the Internet. What does that mean? It means your server has been compromised and it sending lot of unwanted SPAM mail and in no time users would complain that their mail not being accepted by their recipients.

There are a lot of websites online, some paid and some free, which would provide you the necessary information stating whether your IP is blacklisted or not, but the drawback is that this online websites allows IP’s to be scanned on minimum hourly basis. This might be too late for a system administrator wherein you can find yourself in the tip of the knife as mails would start bouncing back. So what is the solution?

One can use the `host` command or `dig`to find this out and then create a automated script run it in cron.

As an example, let us take into consideration, your IP is A.B.C.D, so your reverse would be D.C.B.A. You need to check against frequently used SPAM databases. Let use take `` as one of the domain as this is most frequently by users for SPAM checks.

root@ophiophagus:~$ host -t a has address

root@ophiophagus:~$ dig

; <<>> DiG 9.8.1-P1 <<>>
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 31887
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 21, ADDITIONAL: 0

; IN A


;; AUTHORITY SECTION: 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS 86270 IN NS

;; Query time: 4 msec
;; WHEN: Sat Jun 28 20:06:42 2014
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 405

If the response is an address in the loopback range, it means that it has been listed against the particular domain. Time for de-listing and check what caused the IP to be blacklisted.

Frequently used SPAM databases creates a DNS entry on their local nameserver making all RDNS entries resolve to their local IP.

Automate PHP script to find out the blacklisted IP:

File name: rblcheck.php

$ips=array("D.C.B.A"); // Add more IP's comma separated
$handle = fopen("domain-check-for-rbl.txt","r");
while (($line = fgets($handle)) !== false) {
foreach($ips as $ip){
$result = shell_exec("host -t a ".$ip.".".trim($line)." >/dev/null;echo $?");
$message = $message."\n".$ip." Blacklisted in ".trim($line)."\n";

Crontab entry running every 5 minute:

0/5 * * * * /usr/bin/php /rblcheck.php 2>&1

Filename: domain-check-for-rbl.txt


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Trek to Avani Betta


1. Pranab K. Deka
2. Nabanita Sarmah
3. Mother-in-law
4. Wife (Chumki)
5. Myself

Date: 30th June, 2013

Mode of Transport: Tata Indica

Ramalingeshwara temple complex:

The Ramalingeshwara temple complex consists of around 7 shrines that of Ramalingeshwara Temple, Lakshmanalingeshwara Temple, Bharateshwara Temple, Satrughnalingeshwara Shrine, Subrahmanya Temple, Bali Temple and Sugriva Temple. Out of this, the temples of fours sons of Dasaratha gains prominence.


Ramalingeshwara Temple:

The shrine on plan has a garbhagriha, and antarala and a navaranga. The pillars in the navaranga are of the ornate type resemble to manastambha design. the adhistana has mouldings decorated with kirthimukas and lions. The walls have pilasters surrounded by Dravida towers. The linga is of dark stone and is smaller when comared with the linga of Lakshmanalingeshwara shrine.

Lakshmanalingeshwara Temple:

This is assigned to Nolamba period of 10th century AD. The shrine is most ornamented in the complex. The temple on plan has garbhgriha, an antarala and a navaranga. The navaranga has four pillars with ceiling ornamented with Uma-Maheshwara surrounded by dikpalakas. The linga at the garbhgriha is the largest in the complex. The walls are relived by pilasters and sculptures of Yakshas, Dwarapalas, Shiva, Bhairava, Bhairavi, Vishu, Ganesha .. The brick tower is from the late Vijayanagara period.

Bharateshwara Temple:

The shrine is smaller when compared with others in the complex. The pillars are octogonal in shape facing the small natural pond.

Satrughnalingeshwara Shrine:

This shrine is nearly the same size and shape as that of Lakshmanalingeshwara Tempe, but its basement has three corners one of which is rounded and the other has rows of poorly carved lions. It’s doorway is of dark strap stone and ornamented bonds of Gajalakshmi on the inner. The upper wall is similar to that of Lakshmanalingeshwara Temple, the pillars of which are sixteen side shafts with floral hangings.



Just besides this temple is the betta wherein lies the Sita Parvathi Temple. This temple is located in the premises of Valmiki Ashram. Sage Valmiki is said to have lived in this harsh terrain of large boulders. Even today one can find this cave in good condition.


The Sita Parvathi is quite different from the other temples in every aspect. Couple who wish to have children should undertake a small hike to reach the temple and on the way you find people pilling up small stones on top of one another. There is a small water tank on the way to the temple called Danushkodi.


Route Information:



Avani Betta is around 100 kms from Bangalore(Hebbal). One needs to take the road towards Mulbagal of Bangalore-Tirupati Highway. Once you cross Kolar you would find the Vasudeva Addigas on the right. Once you cross this, take the first right just after the first Indian Oil petrol bunk again on the right. Though it is a village road once you move out of the NH, there is no cause to complain about the road condition as it is very good all through out.


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A day at Lepakshi


1. Ritumoni and Biswajyoti
2. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 17th March, 2013

Mode of Transport: Tata Indica

Many people have termed this place as a MUST to what you see in and around Karnataka. And as such we also have been planning to have a round about of this place for more then 2 weeks before we suddenly decided to have a go.

Lepakshi is a small village located in the Anantapur District, in Andhra Pradesh, India, having it’s own historically and archaeologically importance. There are three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Virabhadra out of which the Virabhadra shrine is notable. The temple boasts of the architectural style of the Vijayanagara empire.

Basavanna (Nandi):

Monolithic Nandi Bull at Lepakshi

The colossal monolithic bull is a remarkable piece of masterpiece, being about 15 feet in height and around 27 feet in length. The Nandi faces to the huge Linga carved out of a rock at Virabhadra temple. The Linga is shaded by a seven headed cobra (Naga-Linga).

Naga-Linga at Virabhadra Temple

Virabhadra Temple:

Lepakshi Temple

Lepakshi Sculpture

Lepakshi Sculpture 2

The priest was kind enough to explain the existence of the place in Hindi.

Open Air Kalyana Mantapa:

Lepakshi Kalyana Mantapa

The temple hosts to a huge open air Kalyana Mantapa. This has been depicted as the site of the celestial wedding between Shiva and Parvati, and each of the pillars is a celebration of this – drummers and musicians adding to the atmosphere and lesser gods and goddesses blessing the couple.

Lepakshi Dinner Plate

Lepakshi Temple Courtyard

Lepakshi Sita Paada

Route Information:


Bellary Road

APTDC Restaurant - Haritha

Lepakshi is around 120 kms from Bangalore(Hebbal). One needs to take the Bellary Road and travel a distance of about 105 kms before hitting the AP Tourism Restaurant on the left. Just 100 meters from the restaurant take the left. From there on, it is a straight road 15 kms to the temple. Road condition was very good all through out.



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Shravanabelagola Gomateshwara and Chandragiri


1. Pranab K Deka
2. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 17th Feburary, 2013

Mode of Transport: Tata Indica

Gomateshwara (Bahubali):

Shravanabelagola Gomateshwara Bahubali

The colossal monolithic statue of Bahubali is carved out of a single block of granite and stands majestically on top of a hill. About 17 m. (55 ft) high, it is regarded as one of the largest monolithic statues in the world.

Shravanabelagola Entrance

Shravanabelagola Stairs to the top

Shravanabelagola Temple Courtyard

A climb of 607 odd steps leads you to the temple courtyard. Palki’s are also provided for the old but at a cost.

Shravanabelagola Carring Chair

As you climb up, one would see the footprints of different Acharya’s who had either visited the place or attained salvation, along with the different places of importance. Note-able among them includes,

1. Odegal Basti

The Odegal Basti is so called because of the stone props against it’s basement. Built of granite stones, it occupies a commanding position. All the pillars in the main hall are circular while the side walls are very simple. The temple dates back to 14th Century A.D.

2. Tyagada Kamba

The elaborately carved pillar was erected in the late 10th Century. It is believed that the minister Chavundaraya distributed gifts to the needy and deserving people from here. The simple scroll designs, elegant workmanship shows the best of the period.

3. Chennanna Basti

Shravanabelagola Stumb Pillar

Chandragiri (Chikkabetta):

This hill is located just opposite to the Gomateshwara hill. A gradual climb of about 150 odd steps leads you to the temple. The Kalyani located at the base separates both the hills.

Shravanabelagola Kalyani

The 24th Theerthakana is popularly known by the name Chandragiri after the name of the great Mayuran Emperor Chandragupta. There are about 14 preaching rooms inside the whole courtyard. The earliest temple to be built is dated at 4th Century BC.

Shravanabelagola Chandragiri Temple

Shravanabelagola Chandragiri Temple Courtyard

Shravanabelagola Chandragiri Stumb Pillar

Bhadrabahu attained salvation in a cave and Chandragupta also attained salvation from the same cave following his teacher. Bhadrabahu was the last Shrut Kevali (who possessed total knowledge of the soul by studying 12 Ang Agams)

Shravanabelagola Chandragiri Bhadrabahu Footprints

Acharya Kundkund provided a system of scriptural knowledge(first of it’s kind) for the inquisitive. He presented the fundamental concepts relating to the path to salvation in a comprehensive manner.

Shravanabelagola Chandragiri KundKund Footprints

Route Information:

The place is around 140 kms from Hebbal. A drive through the excellent Bangalore-Mangalore highway and left at Hirisave will lead to Sravanbelagola. Good food at KSTDC Hotel Mayura on the way (both for lunch and breakfast).


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Black Buck Conservation Reserve, Maidanahalli


1. Ritumoni and Biswajyoti
2. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 23th December, 2012

Mode of Transport: Swift Dzire

A lot have been written about the place but still we had not had a chance to visit to the place. But alas, D day arrived and we had a chance to visit the place.

Jayamangali Blackbuck Conservation Reserve is Tumkur District’s only notified protected area. It neighbors Maidenahalli, a small village in Madhugiri Taluk, at the north-eastern tip of Tumkur district of Karnataka state, India. It is a 798-acre (3.23 km2) patch of grassland with Eucalyptus and Acacia auriculiformis. It has the largest contiguous population of Black buck (Antelope cervicapra) in Karnataka, apart from Ranibennur Black buck Sanctuary.

The open grasslands is an ideal habitat for a lot of reptilian species and birds as well.

Open Grasslands at the Jayamangali Black Buck Santurary

Route Information:

There are two ways of visiting the place, but in either case 40% of the roads are very bad. Not sure due to rains or what. This had consumed most of our time. We explored both the routes in order to get good roads.

Hebbal -> Yelhanka -> Doddabollapur -> Tondebavi (ACC Cement Factory, Take left) -> Alipur -> Chikkapalya -> Kodagadala (Take right here).

From there it is around 8.9 kms to the mud road which leads to the entrance. From the main road it is again 2.5 kms to the entrance.

Way to Jayamangali Black Buck Santurary

Entrance to Jayamangali Black Buck reserver

Kodagadala (Take left) -> Holvanahalli -> Koratgere -> Devaranyadurg -> Dobbaspet -> Tumukur Highway

Best time of the year: Winter seasons or on cloudy skies.
Best time of the day: Mostly around morning hours (7am – 9am) and later in the evenings (4pm – 6pm)
Nearest source for food: No food source near the place. It is good to carry own food.
Must: A good camera and a pair of binoculars.
Camping: Camping inside the forest area is possible but you need to take prior permission from the forest office. There is a forest office out there.

Watch Tower inside the Black Buck Reserve

Black Buck Footprints

Black bucks are very shy animals. They move at the very slightest noise and movement. Unless you have a good vision/binoculars, it is very difficult to site them. We were able to notice only 2 herds from a distance of about 50-60 meters. As we tried to reach near they moved away behind the thick bushes with their athletics spring jumps.



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BEL Tablet PC


1. Srinivas R.
2. Rajesh R.

I had an opportunity to get hold of a non functioning BEL Tablet PC which was launched for the Ministry of Rural Development’s poverty survey. The tablet was manufactured at BEL’s Bangalore plant and it had received huge orders for manufacturing the same.

Look and Feel:

The tablet as a whole with the keyboard and leather carry case looks like a diary, heavy for it’s size. You can remove all this an just carry it with the stylus, which fits into the tablet itself. The added advantage is the additional battery pack which comes in handy when you require more life out of it, but compared to what is available in the market now, this model seems out dated. Being an indigenously built product, I would love to see it’s future in the market.

Bel Tablet PC with battery pack


1. 7 inch display with a Stylus
2. Android 2.2 version
3. Solar-backed battery?
4. A mini USB keyboard
5. SD card slot
6. 2 USB ports
7. RJ 45 slot
8. Microphone/Speaker jack
9. An external battery pack with a charger.

Note: Battery pack can be charged by the big pin Nokia Mobile charger also.

Problem: The dreaded blue screen error.
Solution: There were a lot of solutions available in the forums but none seemed to work for me.
Support: Since there was a warranty sticker on the tablet we called up BEL customer care and they informed that one need to carry the equipment to the place from where it is brought from. They also questioned from where one got hold of it, since it is still not handed over to the masses. WT?
Solution: Open up the tablet and start debugging.

Electronics Inside:

I don’t understand the components wired in the circuit, but Srinivas have taken a picture of the same for reference.

BEL Tablet Circuit Board

The components that matter for debugging are marked,


Trail 1: Tried removing the display cable and fixing it back. Powering on, same blue screen error.

Trial 2: Removed the mini SD card that is used for booting and and inserted our card with L Ubuntu ( on it. Powering on, same blue screen error.

Trail 3: Re-inserted the old mini SD card having Android OS. Powering on the tablet while holding the back button and the power button simultaneously for 1-2 minutes. Something new appearing on the screen,

SD card detected
Updating kernel
Wait for 2 minutes
System updated

Note: Don’t stop pressing those keys until the whole procedure is over.

BEL Tablet Booting after re-fixing

Viola, the tablet is booting. One can see the BEL logo after which Android OS booting. Tried using external keyboard/mouse, all seem to be functional except the stylus, but we are not sure whether this was working before or not, so left like that. Overall, seemed like a loose connectivity.

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Day on Hills, Basadi Betta and Nijagal Betta


1. Srinivas R
2. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 7th October, 2012

Mode of Transport: Tata Indica

Basadi Betta (Mandharagiri):

Basadi Betta is also know as Mandharagiri as written on the whole rock surface of the hill. There are well carved steps, around 437, which would lead you to the top of the hill from the base. A small Jain temple is located above the hill top. Said to be around There are around 4 temples inside the premises fenced by barbed wire and huge brick walls. We were able to go inside the priest who was kind enough to hand over the keys to us. One can inquire at the office, which is located at the base of the hill. There seems to rooms for the pilgrims which visit this place.

Mandharagiri (Basadi Betta)

Mandharagiri Temples inside the premises

You can find art work on most of the single rocks top of the hill.

Arts on the rocks of Mandharagiri

One can also view lake Maidala from the top of the hill. Though it looks muddy, we were not sure as viewed from distance.

Maidala Lake as viewed from Basadi Betta

Just as you reach the base, one would come across a status of Jaina Chandraprabha Theerthankara.

Chandraprabha Theerthankara Statue

Panaromic View of the temples Mandharagiri

Nijagal Betta:

Nijagal Betta is a hillock which consists of ruined temples, forts, caves, bee hives and striking rock formations. There is a well defined pathway up to the top partly rocky terrain and partly sand gravels. The hillock makes itself unique by having hosted both a temple as well as a dargah.

Nijagal Betta

Nijagal Betta Temples in ruins

Nijagal Betta Fort Walls

The whole place is buzzing with people from the nearby villagers who have carried hen’s for sacrifice’s and people going to the dargah. The temple is located below a rock (cave) while the dargah is behind this. There is a small water pool just besides the dargah. You need to climb to the top to have the view of the fort walls. One can follow the electric light polls to the top of the fort.

Nijagal Betta Hanuman

Nijagal Betta Temple

Panaromic view from top of Nijagal Betta

It is said that the fort is built by Chikkadevaraya Wadiyar in the mid-17th century and later on taken over by Hyder Ali. One can see the remains of the fort walls on top of the hill. The view from the top of the hill top is breathtaking. One can also see the railway line track making it’s way like a snake.

In case you are an ornithologist, you would love this place, since the the rock caves and the food available, makes it an ideal habitat for nesting and breeding.

Route Information:

Basadi Betta:

Catch the highway NH4 to Tumkur from Bangalore. The place is around 10 kms before Tumkur. Look for a arch on the right hand side once you get site of the hill wherein Mandharagiri is written. Take a right through the arch and cross the railway track, Once you cross the track, travel around 500 meters till one takes the left until you reach the base of the hill. One can park directly at the base of the hill or near to the temple office. The place is around 65 kms from Hebbal.

Mandharagiri Arch on the right of NH4

Nijagal Betta:

Catch the highway NH4 to Tumkur from Bangalore and cross Dabaspet. Look out for Reliance Petrol Pump or Kamat Upachar (Adjacent to the petrol bunk). It would be around 3-4 kms from Dabaspet. The way to the base of the hill is just opposite to the petrol bunk. You need to pass the underpass to reach the base of the hill. In case you are travelling in a 4 wheeler you can park it at the petrol bunk or in hotel premises. 2 wheelers can go upto the base of the hill. The place is around 60 kms from Hebbal.

Trek To Nijagal Betta


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Gudibande fort


1. Kapil Saxena and family
2. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 16th September, 2012

Mode of Transport: Tata Indica

The fort is located in a dry and dusty town of Gudibande of Kolar district. Located at a distance of about 95 kms from Bangalore of the NH7 the fort does not seem to generate a lot of interests to the visitors.

Gudibande fort, built by local chieftain Byre Gowda some 400 odd years ago in the 17th century. It can be said as a concise replica of the Madhugiri fort. The fort has seven levels with interconnecting escape routes which would help soldiers to flee in case of emergency.

On the top of the fort is a Shiva temple, which is believed to be one of the 108 Jyotirlingas. The strong pillar with a square base has well sculpted images. One can also have a good view of the Byrasagara reservoir.

The fort’s main feature, is the rain water harvesting. It is said that there were around 19 rock ponds at different levels of the fort, but we were able to get a view of only 4 of them. The rest were either covered with green bushes or else being empty, hence difficulty in figuring it out.

Gudibande Fort

Gudibande Steps

Gudibande Entrance Top

Gudibande ByraSagara Reservoir View

Gudibande View from Top

Route Information:

Though a small town, Gudibande is well connected by roads from Chickbalapur, both public as well as private transport being available. In case one is planning to drive across from Bangalore, one needs to hit the NH7 till Peresendra Cross. Just as you reach Peresendra cross (500 meters) you will hit Aruru from where you can take the service road till the cross. Once you reach the cross, take left. The road straight goes to the Gudibande town. As you go on the road, you will see a lot of beautiful green grape yards, flower farms and the grey hill fort which blends hazily with the sky. The road also passes through Amani Byrasagara water reservoir which is the main source of water for the town.

Gudibande Grape Yards

Gudibande Group



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Agumbe-Jog Falls-Murudeshwara-Gokarna-Yana-trip


1. Srinivas R.
2. Chakrapani and family
3. Kapil Saxena and family
4. Wife (Chumki) and Myself

Date: 18th – 20th August, 2012

Mode of Transport: Toyota Inova

End minute discussions/inclusions and last minutes changes to the itinerary, where all to go, where to stay etc. and it was finally agreed to go to Aumgbe-Jog Falls-Murudeshwara. Lodging, did we book in advance any time before we moved to a place? We all decided that we leave Bangalore at 0500 hrs the following day.

Day 1:

45 minutes already late to what was decided. We left for our destination at 0545 hrs. So where is our first destination?

1400 hrs: Gajanur Dam

Agumbe Gajanur Dam Waters

The the dam is built across the Tunga river. There is also an elephant training camp on the right hand side just a kilometer ahead of the dam, called “Sakkarebaylu”. Though we did not go this place, you can have view of the dam waters from the road side itself. With the sun playing hide and seek through the thick forest, the view of the serpentine road is awesome, as it makes it’s way through the hills with the river flowing on the left side and the forest on the right.

Agumbe Road View

1500 hrs: Jogi Gundi Falls

Agumbe Jogi Gundi Falls

We reached Agumbe and started to look for places where to go to. We decided to go to Jogi Gundi Falls. This is around 5 kms from the sunset point. Small road wherein in some places, only a single vehicle can pass at one time. We parked the vehicle on the base and trekked for about 500 meters to reach the falls. The whole area is barbed wired fenced. It is said that there are naxalites in there, not sure how true is this.

Once you are back from the falls, you can go down the road ahead for another 4 kms and trek for another 4 kms to have a view of the Barkana Falls. It is one of the highest falls in India.

1700 hrs: Sunset Point

Agumbe Sunset View Green Canopy

Agumbe Sunset View Point Clouds

Agumbe Group Photograph

An ideal place to see the sun going down at the backdrop of Arabian sea. But for us, there was no sun, nor the sea, as it covered with thick layer of clouds. It was beautiful which cannot be explained by mere words. The view of the green tree top canopy is just awesome. It is considered to be the best sunset point in Karnataka.

Day 2:

00:30 hrs: Reached Jog Falls

We reached Jog at midnight. Sagara was all too full to accommodate us. So to save time, we went ahead to Sagara. The ghat section to Jog was awesome. Visibility has dropped to about 10 ft. We moved inch by inch. Kudos to our driver for driving in such a harsh conditions.

We checked both the PWD Guest house as well as the KSTDC Guest house located at Jog Falls but was unable to find a place wherein we can re-fresh ourselves. What was left was the open sky above and the open grounds below. So be it. We all slept on the floor of a market (we came to know about that in the morning, by the sounds of brooms).

06:00 hrs: Jog Falls

Jog Falls

Created by the Sharavathi River and falling from a height of 253 m, Jog Falls is the second highest waterfalls in India. Jog falls individually consists of four distinct falls, Raja, Roarer, Rocket and Rani, The Raja Falls pours in one unbroken column sheer to the depth of 830 ft (250 m). Halfway down it is encountered by the Roarer, another fall, which precipitates itself into a vast cup and then rushes violently downwards at an angle of forty-five degrees to meet the Raja. A third fall, the Rocket, shoots downwards in a series of jets, while the fourth, the Rani, moves quietly over the mountain side in a sheet of foam. The Tourism Department has built steps from the view point till the bottom of the hill where the waterfall can be seen at the opposite side. There are approximately 1500 steps built to reach the bottom of the hill.

10:00 hrs: Talakalale Reservoir

Talakale Balancing Reservoir

Water from Linganamakki dam flows to Talakalale Balancing Reservoir through a trapezoidal canal with a discharge capacity of 175.56 cumecs. The length of this channel is about 4318.40 m with a submersion of 7.77 sq. km. It has a catchment area of about 46.60 The gross capacity of the reservoir is 129.60 cu m. Most of the submerged highland areas has formed islands wherein vegetation thrives.

We were able to take a boat ride through a round about of one such island thanks to the care taker of the dam, Mr. Venkateshan, but at some cost to our pockets.

12:00 hrs: Linganamakki Dam

Linganamakki Dam

Located at about 9 kms from Jog Falls, the Linganamakki dam was constructed by the Karnataka State Government in 1964. The dam spans across a catchment area of 1991 km², submerging 50.62 km² of wetland and 7 km² of dry land. The dam has a length of 2.4 km, stretching all across the Sharavathi river. There are power generation plants also which are heavily guarded.

14:00 hrs: Honnavar

Finally booked a hotel to have ourselves freshened up. A quick lunch followed by a quick bath.

16:30 hrs: Murudeshwara

Murudeshwara Gopura

Murudeshwara Shiva Statue

While on the way to Murudeshwara, you go through Idagunji Vinayaka Devasthana, which is dedicated to Lord Ganapati.

Famous for the world’s second-tallest Shiva statue, Murudeshwara is a town in the Bhatkal Taluk of Uttara Kannada district. The statue is 123 feet (37 m) in height and took about two years to build. The place derives it’s name from the Hindu god Shiva. The 20 storied Gopura is built on the Kanduka Hill which is surrounded on three sides by the waters of the Arabian Sea.

Murudeshwara Beach

The beach which lies just besides the temple, is beautiful. The beach runs around 200 meters into the sea. Good beach wherein you can spend the whole evening watching the sun go down by Lord Shiva. The whole place including the statue is highly illuminated.

Day 3:

09:30 hrs: Gokarna

Gokarna is a small temple town located in the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. The main deity is Lord Mahabhaleshwara, a form of the Hindu god Shiva. It is an attractive town with two main streets having shops and traditional tile-roofed brick houses. Gokarna is a hippy paradise with drums, guitars and hammocks.

Gokarna Beach

Situated in the western end of the main street, The Mahabaleshwar Temple is a famous Shiva Temple and houses the ‘Atmalinga’. The idol of Lord Mahabaleshwara is called Nagabharana. It is so named becasuse of the Lord rests under the head of Naga (serpent). The floor of the hall in front has an intricate engraving of a giant tortoise.

Om Beach:

The beach got its name because it is shaped like the auspicious Om sign, a spiritual Hindu symbol. Om beach is naturally shaped. There a lot of resorts which has sprung up just besides the beach to let you spend your time relaxing watching as the sea hits the rocks.

Gokarna Om Beach

1400 hrs: Yana

Yana Rock formation

Yana is a village in the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, India that is known for the unusual rock formations in its vicinity. Yana is famous for these two massive rock outcrops known as the Bhairaveshwara Shikhara and the Mohini Shikhara. The huge rocks are composed of solid black, crystalline limestone. Bhairaveshwara Shikhara is 120 metres (390 ft) in height, while the Mohini Shikhara, which is smaller, is 90 metres (300 ft) in height. Yana is also well known as a pilgrimage centre because of the cave temple below the Bhairaveshwara Shikhara where a Swayambhu linga has been formed. Water drips from the roof over the linga, adding to the sanctity of the place. A stream passes by the side of the trek route.

Day 4:

Reach back safely in Bangalore at 0400 hrs.

Thanks all my travel-mates for the wonderful trip and best wishes to Kavitha Chakrapani.



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